According to World Health Organization, infertility is a disease of the male or female reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
Infertility affects millions of people of reproductive age worldwide – and has an impact on their families and communities. Estimates suggest that between 48 million couples and 186 million individuals live with infertility globally.
Factors that can affect women and men vary greatly.
Undoubtedly, one of the factors that most affects fertility and hinders pregnancy is the age at which women seek pregnancy.
We know that society is constantly changing and that there are factors such as the search for job or economic stability that influence this decision to be delayed more and more.
It is important for women to know that the older they get, the more difficult it will be to achieve a natural pregnancy.
Unfortunately, a woman’s biological clock does not keep pace with her age. It is likely that when a woman is in her personal prime, it is more difficult to achieve pregnancy.
Scientific studies show that the older a woman gets, the lower the quality and quantity of eggs she produces. From around the age of 35 onwards, this decrease starts to be noticeable, and it becomes worrying from the age of 37 onwards. From the age of 40 onwards, the chances of a natural pregnancy are greatly reduced.
What are the main factors that influence fertility?
Nowadays, infertility problems are very evenly distributed between men and women. Between 30 and 40% of the cases we treat in our clinic are due to infertility problems in men, the percentage being exactly the same in women.
In the case of women, as we have said, age is a determining factor in achieving pregnancy, but not the only one.
In addition to their age, the main problems we encounter are:
- Ovulation problems caused by:
- polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- thyroid problems
- premature ovarian failure
- Scarring from surgery
- Pelvic surgery
- Cervical surgery
- Cervical mucus problems
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Medicines and drugs
For men, the main problems are related both to the production and the quality of their semen:
- Abnormal semen:
- Lack of sperm
- Sperm that are not moving properly
- Testicles: If they’re damaged, it can seriously affect the quality of your semen. Main causes are:
- Infection of testicles
- Testicular cancer
- Testicular surgery
- Congenital defects
- Ejaculation disorders
- Medicines and drugs
Egg freezing, an option to search for pregnancy at the most desired moment
Egg freezing allows women to save their eggs for when they are ready to start a family, making the most of their fertility when it is at its peak.
Eggs can be frozen for 10 years, but if you’re ready to start your journey to motherhood earlier, they can be ready when you are.
Once you decide you’re in the right place to start your journey to motherhood, we put together a treatment plan unique for you.
Within our onsite embryology lab, we will thaw your eggs ready for fertilisation. With the sperm of either your partner or a donor, those eggs are then fertilised to create embryos.
When the time is right we will create a plan for you to prepare for embryo transfer at the optimum time. Your embryos are then transferred to your uterus. Once in your uterus one will hopefully implant and you will be advised on when to take a pregnancy test.